- Flora and Vegetation
- Protected Areas
- Mineral resources
Wum Council was created in 1948 as Wum Native Authority (NA) covering Kom, Fungom, Furu-Awa, Beba-Befang and the Esimbi areas, the name changed to Wum Area Council in 1964 with headquarters in Wum headed by an elected chair person. The Kom area was carved out to form the Kom-Bum Area Council. In 1974, the Council became Wum Rural Council headed by an appointed Council Administrator. Then in 1993, Wum Area Council was carved out into four councils according to the four Sub Divisions in Menchum Division namely, Furu-Awa, Fungom, Benekuma and Wum Rural Councils.
By virtue of Law No. 2004/22nd of July 2004 to lay down rules applicable to Councils, Wum Rural Council is now known as Wum Council.
Wum Municipality is located between latitude 6N and 7N and longitude 9E and 10E and situated in Menchum Division of the North West Region of Cameroon. This Municipality has a surface area of 776.67 km square with a total population of over 80,000. Wum is located some 83km from Bamenda Town the Regional capital of the North West. Back to top>>
Villages that make up the Wum Council
17 villages make up the council namely:
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Wum Municipality falls within the tropical climatic zone with distinct rainy and dry seasons respectively. Rains set in from between mid March and last till mid November when the dry season begins. The total annual rainfall ranges between 2512.5mm and 2829.6m (1989). The total annual rainy days ranges from 173 to 196 in the same year. August and February are the coldest and hottest months respectively. Wum presently witnesses low and high temperatures. However, the municipality has a moderate climate. The climatic condition is moderate at the upper part and valleys are warmer thus, a good climate. The Climate result in two farming seasons and favours the cultivation of food and cash crops such as maize, groundnut, beans, tuber crops, Irish/sweet potatoes, cassava, paddy rice, plantain, cocoa and Arabica coffee. Back to top>>
The soil type ranges from sandy, silt and clay. Wum municipality is dominated by tropical sandy clay, ferruginous and silt soils, organic and part volcanic soils which permits the growing of a variety of agricultural products. Erosion is common as the soil lie on steep slope. Loam soils, a combination of humus and sandy soils favour the cultivation of crops like maize, groundnuts, beans, cow peas and plantains. Sandy soils that easily give up their water is common on slopes and favours the cultivation of groundnuts.Back to top>>
The municipality is made up of undulating land with uneven relief characterized by mountains and hills made up of forests and grassland suitable for grazing. Common features in this municipality are rocky cliffs marked by the Menchum Falls which is the highest in West Africa, swift running streams, rivers and lakes such as Lake Wum, Illum, oshien and Atwe. The availability of these rivers, crater lakes and waterfall add to the beauty of the municipality. The Menchum Falls is a huge potential for electricity.
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Hydrography (main water sources)
Wum municipality falls within the North West Plateau, full of running springs, streams and waterfall. All these enable village development associations to provide water for the population through the construction of water catchments schemes. A few villages have benefited from aid through Helvetas for the provision of drinking water. But a greater part of the municipality remains without water. This is the case of the villages of Atwe, Bangwe, Kecha and Ngouh. Back to top>>
Flora and Vegetation
Wum is within Sudano - Savanna Zone covered mostly with grass which favour the grazing of cattle, reason why a good number of the council dwellers are Mbororos who herd cattle. Forest patches such as in Atwe and Itiaku are used mostly for medicinal plants and are also home to many species of wild animals
The Wum council forest has a potential for providing wood, timber and poles
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The Wum Municipality has patches of forest in addition to savannah and shrubs which host a good number of species of wildlife. The area plays host to many protected species, most of whom are threatened. There are species such as antelope, hare, porcupine, cane rats, monkey, deer and chimpanzees. Most of these animals are hunted by poachers for food or as an economic activity. Back to top>>
Wum Municipality partly hosts one ofeleven protected areas of the North West Region, the Kom – Wum Forest Reserve which spans from Belo in Boyo Division to Wum in Menchum Division. This reserve that was created in 1951 has a surface area of 8029 hectares. The reserve contains many plant and animal species and wetlands. It is suffering from a high level of degradation due to bush fires for honey harvesting and hunting, encroachment for farming and grazing and illegal logging. This is partly due to the fact that the population around the reserve depend to a large extent on natural resources for livelihoods.
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There are natural resources like minerals, lakes crater lakes, afro-alpine vegetation and Motane Forest. The knowledge of minerals in the municipality is very limited. There is no exploitation. There is no discovery of the existence of minerals. Back to top>>